Research Papers & Work in Progress
Dictating Development: Achieving Targets through Performance Contracts and Community Work
This paper studies how the Rwandan government implemented different indicators in health and fertility through performance contracts and community work. The contracts pressure local leaders to achieve development targets, and local leaders use community work on Saturdays to organize implementation. I analyze representative monthly panel data to study the timings of modern contraceptive use, pregnancies and acquisitions of mosquito nets before and after the introduction of performance contracts. To identify the causal relationship, I exploit rainfall on Saturdays as an exogenous source of variation in attendance rates at community work over time and estimate Differences-in-Differences. The cumulative evidence suggests coercive power being exercised through performance contracts and community work to implement government targets.
Time Use in Hypothetical Basic Income Scenarios