Research Papers & Work in Progress
Dictating Development: Achieving Targets through Community Work
This paper studies how the Rwandan government implemented family planning through performance contracts and community work. The contracts pressured local leaders to achieve development targets, and community work on Saturdays was used to organize implementation. I analyze representative monthly panel data on adoptions and discontinuations of modern contraceptive methods before and after the introduction of performance contracts. To identify the causal relationship, I exploit rainfall as an exogenous source of variation in attendance rates at community work over time. The results show that after the introduction of performance contracts women adopt modern contraceptive methods in months with low rainfall on Saturdays when attendance rates at community work are presumably high. The opposite relationship holds for discontinuations. No effect is found for rainfall on other days of the week or the time before the introduction of performance contracts. The findings are consistent with coercion of ordinary women to implement targets.
Time Use in Hypothetical Basic Income Scenarios