Research Papers & Work in Progress

Dictating Development? Achieving Targets through Performance Contracts and Community Work
June 2019

How do countries achieve their development targets? This paper presents causal evidence from Rwanda on the complementarity of top-down Performance Contracts and local Community Work to implement behavioral change. I exploit rainfall on the day of Community Work as exogeneous variation in attendance rates over time and estimate the reduced-form effect on the timing of behavioral change in individual women and households. The results show that, only with Performance Contracts, Community Work is an effective instrument for the central government to implement development targets in modern contraceptive prevalence and malaria prevention. The analysis illustrates an institutional system. Pressure is the suggested mechanism, which was arguably used for behavioral change.

Time Use in Hypothetical Basic Income Scenarios
October 2018